E-learning is not just publishing the ILT content in the form of PowerPoint presentations using rapid authoring tools. It is more than that. It is an effort to make effective learning take place. A good design is a symbol of smart decisions. Whenever you design an eLearning course, you need to start with a clear picture in mind on how the course should be developed. By using a well thought-out learning sequence, we can develop an efficient eLearning course.
Here are a few things to consider while designing an eLearning course.
Content Chunking:It is a process of breaking information into chunks or small pieces and presenting it to learners for better understanding and retention. Chunking of content is important because the human brain’s capacity to hold information for longer periods is limited.
Shown below is an example, where the story of a mine accident has been shown with little content and an appropriate image.
Consistency:It refers to theuniformity in all aspects such as interface elements, font, layout, language, images, effects etc., within a course or across multiple courses under the same umbrella. Consistency makes sense because it allows you to create a set of templates and apply them throughout.
Shown below is a screenshot that shows consistency of the interface elements, colors, and use of real images.
Readability: It indicates the degree to which learners understand the writing style.It is an important aspect of a designing that depends on a few factors such as content structure, style and design. It is important to have text hierarchy. This allows learners to read the content by differentiating the headers from body text and other typographic elements.
Here is a screenshot that shows various fonts for course title, screen title, heading and bullets.
Legibility: It refers to the ability of learners to read the content without difficulty. There are a few factors that affect legibility such as letter spacing, selection of good fonts, clear and sharp graphics. Make sure the text has an appropriate contrast from the background.
Colors: Colors are a powerful design element of an eLearning course. They impact the learners’ mood and improve their focus on learning and draw learners’ attention to the key points that are meant to be conveyed. Note that NOT all colors help effective learning.
Do NOT use too many colors in one eLearning course (it’s better to follow a theme and stay consistent).
Accessibility: Accessibility in eLearning means that courses should be accessible to all users such as aging group, individuals with disabilities, etc. The course format should not require learners to depend on a single sense.
These are some of the elements that affect the design of an eLearning.