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10 Things Every Instructional Designer Should Do

As instructional designers, we always come up with new strategies and innovative ideas to create storyboards. We put our best to make the storyboard look different and engaging to the learner. When doing such things, we should try to check whether our efforts are reaching the audience effectively or going in vain. This is important because we often tend to miss out a few basic things that are essential, when we concentrate on the formulation of various strategies.


In this blog, I will discuss ten things that every instructional designer should remember and put in practice while working on storyboards.

Here we go………

1. Know target audience

Our goal is to reach the learner. So, the first thing that you need to know is who your target audience is and why they are taking the course. This helps us set effective learning objectives, select the images that suit learners, decide appropriate instructional strategies (scenarios, storytelling etc.) and do much more.

2. Analyze the content

Analyzing the content is the second important thing that needs to be done. Once we receive inputs from the client, we need to thoroughly go through the content, identify the gaps if any, work with SMEs and fill the gaps. Then, we need to organize the content in an order and create an outline. This helps us give a proper structure to the course.

3. Set appropriate learning objectives

Setting clear objectives is very important as it gives the learner a clear understanding of what he would gain after completing the course. So, it is essential to keep in mind the reason for taking up the course. Then, create objectives based on it. This gives the learner a reason to go through the course.

4. Ensure proper chunking

When putting the content on the screen, we should be able to differentiate the “need to know” content from the “nice to know content”. This helps us arrange the on-screen content easily. The need to know content must be shown on the screen whereas we can give the nice to know content as “more information”.

5. Have good visualization

Good visualization keeps the learner engaged. So, we need to make sure that the content is represented appropriately. The images used should be meaningful and placed in a proper position. This enhances the look and feel of the course.

6. Provide effective audio

Audio plays a very important role in eLearning. The course will be incomplete without proper audio. So, we should be careful while making audio for the course. Not all content on the screen should be read in audio. The audio should give a brief description of the on-screen information.

7. Align summary with Learning Objectives

While summarizing, we provide a gist of information that we feel is important to be revised. But, we often forget to align them with learning objectives. We should make sure all the learning objectives of the course are being taught and summarized accordingly at the end.

8. Align assessments with Learning Objectives

In order to determine whether the learner has reached the objective of the course or not, it is essential to align assessments with the learning objectives of the course. There must be at least one question based on each learning objective. This helps us assess how far the learner has achieved the goal.

9. Provide feedback effectively

There is always a chance that the learner might have guessed the correct answer. So, while giving the feedback, we need to explain why the selected answer is correct if the correct option is selected and why the selected answer is wrong if the wrong option is selected. This keeps the learner motivated and helps him retain the information.

10. Review it properly

Finally, you need to remember that there is always a chance of errors creeping into the storyboard. So, there is nothing wrong in re-checking the storyboard. Make a checklist of things that need to be cross-checked and review accordingly.

There is no doubt that we always need new instructional strategies and innovative ideas in our storyboards; but, when we include new things, we shouldn’t neglect the basic things. I hope you find this blog informative. Would you like to expand this list? Please do so.

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