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5 Steps of a Highly Effective Instructional Design Process

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5 Steps of a Highly Effective Instructional Design Process

Every organization has its own instructional design process that it uses for its eLearning course. However, it helps if your organization has a set of steps that define its instructional design process. A good instructional design process helps “smoothen” the overall development of the course.

Let’s take a look at a few steps in an effective instructional design process.

Creating an Instructional Design Document (IDD): The first step in a good instructional design process is the creation of an IDD. An IDD specifies the global instructional design approach that focuses on finalizing the strategy for the entire course. It aims to standardize the entire curriculum, instructionally and visually. It covers all aspects of the course, from a detailed outline to the screen level treatment. Below is an example of an IDD template.

Creating an Instructional Design Document

Scripting: Scripting helps finalize your content both in terms of the on-screen content as well as the audio script. There are two kinds of scripting – on-screen and audio. On-screen scripting comes in handy for screen-wise chunking, content presentation, activities and resources. On the other hand, audio scripting helps you finalize the tone and treatment you want your audio to have. For example, you can decide whether you want to use background music or sound effects in your course.

 Developing a Prototype: Once your script is ready, you can move to the next step i.e. creating a prototype. A prototype consists of four to five functional screens that demonstrate the global strategy of your course. A typical prototype includes characters and background selections, final audio treatment, assessments, and activities. Prototypes help  focus on technical standardization, animations, colors, images and AICC and browser compatibility.

Developing a Prototype

Developing the course without/with audio: After getting your prototype approved, you can send your alpha course without audio. The focus here is to obtain a sign-off for all visual elements of the course. Once you get the sign-off, you can send the final functional course with audio for the client’s approval.

Developing the course without/with audio

Developing the course without/with audio

Developing the “LMS version” of the course: The last and the most important step is the making the course LMS compatible. It is here you check whether the final quiz could be tracked in the LMS and sort out all browser-related and other technical glitches.  And, finally you upload the course for your learners.

Developing the course without/with audio


These are just a few steps that give you an idea on the instructional design process. If you have other interesting ways, please do share them with us.

View eBook on Instructional Design101: A Handy Reference Guide to E-learning Designers


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