It is common knowledge that efficient application of previously acquired knowledge and skills to resolve new problems improves organizational productivity.
How could learning in one context be efficiently transferred to another? Learners who are adequately engaged in the learning experience could effectively adapt their existing knowledge and skills to find solutions to problems in another context.
Effective transfer of learning could be promoted in organizations by focusing on 5 aspects of corporate training. They are as follows:
Encourage reflection and help people think while they learn
Evolving the right reflection strategy goes a long way in ensuring efficient transfer of learning. It encourages the participants in the corporate training sessions to expand on their learning and identify the shortcomings in order to overcome them.
This could be achieved by encouraging trainees to systematically learn and monitor their understanding of the learning content. Corporate learners could be asked to provide reasons for their decisions. This stimulates the thinking powers of employees and thinking employees find ways of applying the learning to other contexts.
Ensure adequate practice
Practice makes a man perfect. Training sessions that provide ample opportunities to participants to practice and apply the learning are usually successful in facilitating efficient transfer of learning.
Learning transfer is increased when the practice tasks are sequenced randomly. This makes training practical because random sequencing of tasks helps expose the learner to various situations that are encountered in real life. The employee can understand the nitty-gritties of the subject and apply the learning in different contexts.
Use narration and visuals effectively
The multimedia learning theory states that the right combination of verbal and visual content prevents cognitive burden.
Efficient use of narration that adds instructional value to eLearning sessions could increase learning transfer. Effective integration of ocular content with narration helps retain knowledge better and apply it appropriately and efficiently.
Encourage collaborative learning
Corporate learning is inextricably linked to work. Transfer of learning occurs when the worker acquires knowledge and applies it to find solutions to various problems.
Social learning helps the worker to discuss his problems with his peers and they together try to apply their knowledge to navigate through uncharted waters of work.
Motivate the learner
Proper motivation could help effective transfer of learning. Pugh and Bergin (2006) state that motivational factors influence learning transfer. They predicted that the effect of motivational factors is threefold.
First, motivation influences the quality of prior learning that is applied to new contexts. Second, it could affect the transfer of knowledge and skills. This assumes particular significance when employees have an opportunity to transfer their learning but are not required to. Third, motivation influences individuals’ persistence during the process of transfer.
Effective transfer of learning helps provide efficient solutions to an organization’s problems. How do you promote transfer of learning? We would love to learn from your experiences.
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