Traditional Training Delivery Options

Traditional Training Delivery Options

In a previous blog we looked at a few possible ways to deliver training:

  • Instructor-led Training (ILT)
  • Virtual Instructor-led Training (VILT)
  • Video Learning System (VLS)
  • Computer-based Training (CBT)
  • Web-based Training (WBT)
  • Print
  • Combinations of above

In today’s blog, we will take a quick look at the various benefits and limitations of each type.

Delivery TypesStrengthsWeakness
Instructor-Led Training (ILT)

Best for Concept and skills training

  • Gain from questions asked by others: The learners receive additional knowledge through explanations given by the instructor while resolving questions on-the-spot.
  • Participate in group discussions: The learners can brainstorm and clarify their understanding of the subject with others.
  • Evaluation: The instructor can evaluate the learners’ levels of understanding and provide coaching and support.
  • Synchronous: The learners and the instructor are in face-to-face contact with each other.
  • Query resolution: The instructor can resolve the queries and doubts of the learners during the instruction.
  • Fast and Flexible: For both delivery and development.
  • Easily Updatable
  • Instructor-paced: Typically, younger learners move through content at a faster pace than older learners.
  • Expensive
  • Limited Scalability
Virtual Instructor-Led Training (VILT)

Best for:

  • Basic training
  • A component of ILT
  • Facts, procedures, or basic skills training
  • Classrooms anywhere
  • Synchronous (instructor and learner)
  • Less expensive
  • Easy to deploy and maintain
  • Can record sessions
  • Easy edits/modifications to content
  • Self-paced, reuse, reference
  • Network traffic – slow, unpredictable
  • Learner motivation may be problematic, since engagement more difficult
Video Learning System (VLS)

Best suited for informational, inspirational, and procedural content or if action is required to teach content (exercise videos; driver’s education)

  • Self-paced
  • Scalable
  • Flexible (on demand)
  • No student interaction
  • Expensive
  • Content updating impossible
Computer-Based Training (CBT)

Best suited for Subjects in which elaborate multimedia elements are required to facilitate learning.

  • Self-paced: The learners can set their own pace.
  • Time and place flexibility: The learners can access the CBT at their own pace and time.
  • Simulation: Real-life environment can be simulated to teach the learners.
  • Asynchronous – One-way – The learners and the instructor do not interact face-to-face.
  • Monotonous – Learning through a CBT might become monotonous, and the learner may lose interest.
  • Content updating not possible:After you deliver a CBT to the learners, the content cannot be updated.
Web-Based Training (WBT)

Best suited for:

  • When the learners are globally scattered
  • Where the content requires frequent updates.
  • Updating content is easy: The content in a WBT can be easily updated by the instructor.
  • Chat forums & Email facility: Facilities such as chat forums and e-mail can be incorporated in a WBT. This enables the learners to clarify their questions.
  • Links to relevant sites: Links to relevant sites on the Internet can be provided in a WBT. This enables the useful “reference feature” of the WBT medium.
  • Global accessibility: A WBT is cost-effective when the learners are scattered all over the globe.
  • Bandwidth limitations: Due to bandwidth limitations, elaborate graphics, audio, video, and animation should be avoided.
  • Browser limitations: Many Internet browsers do not support certain sites.

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  • An interesting and useful article Suresh. I have done a comparison, pros and cons of the different ways of delivery coaching in this global arena which could also apply to training:

    I think the important thing with training is that there is followup to consolidate the learning, however this is delivered.

  • cyril

    Good article.

  • Amanda

    Very useful comparison. Looks like a blended approach stays the answer. Thanks!