What are visuals? How do you think learners understand the training content better?
E-learning visuals are very effective in helping learners retain information and apply it on their jobs. Visuals help you in making learners grab information faster and better. Visuals support the psychological learning process. So, visuals are the iconic mental representations of what is being perceived. They often combine text, illustration, and color.
As per Ruth Colvin Clark, content is classified into five types – facts, concepts, processes, procedures and principles. The way you deal with content plays a key role in eLearning. The inputs we get from the client fall into any of these five categories. The inputs can also be a combination of more types. There are certain guidelines to visualize each content type. Let’s see each of them in detail.
1. Facts: Factual information refers to a specific and unique piece of information that must be individually memorized.
Guidelines to Teach Facts
- Provide memory support such as mnemonics, job-aids, etc.
- Use tables and lists to display specific data.
- Use statements to present associative facts.
2. Concepts: A concept is a class of items, which share common features and is known by a common name. A concept is a mental representation of objects, for which multiple examples exist.
Guidelines to Teach Concepts
When teaching concepts, you must always provide a definition and examples of the concept. If possible, you can also provide non-examples and analogies (representation that correspond with a concept in function or form, but are otherwise dissimilar).
3. Processes: Processes may be defined as descriptions of how things work rather than how to do things.
Guidelines to Teach Processes
- Use process tables or flow diagrams to represent the stages.
- Use a flow diagram either on its own or in conjunction with a descriptive table.
4. Procedures: Procedures are a series of clearly defined steps, which result in the achievement of a job task.
Guidelines to Teach Procedures
- Use dynamic visuals to demonstrate procedures.
- Use well-designed online practice exercises.
5. Principles: A principle is a cause-and-effect relationship, which results in a predictable outcome.
Guidelines to Teach Principles
- Use animated agents to model critical thinking skills.
- Use audio and video recorded work samples.
Visual design or the visualization should match the central idea or the objective of the course.Always try to visualize the data and design the visuals accordingly. Effective visuals enhance learning and improve the retaining capability of the learner. Have anything to say? Please do share!