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10 Tips for Instructional Designers

Written By Manaswita Baanaala

10 Tips for Instructional Designers

Developing a self-paced learning involves all the difficulties of classroom teaching, with a little additional effort. Since the learners look into the course all by themselves, sometimes it is difficult to go through the course if it is not properly structured or designed.

Here are ten tips that will help the instructional designers to design an eLearning course. These tips will ensure that your teaching time is well-planned and structured with all the necessary elements.

1. Do a thorough audience analysis

Conducting an audience analysis is an essential part of the eLearning development for an instructional designer. An effective eLearning course must achieve the learners’ requirements and their goals. Following are the two phases of audience analysis.

  • Analyze your target audience
  • The target audience/learners differ by their basic knowledge, past experiences and their educational levels. As an instructional designer, you must be able to understand their basic skills and knowledge before designing your course.

  • Think in line with a learners’ perceptive
  • An effective eLearning course removes learning barriers by creating a user-friendly mode of learning. Thinking in a learners’ perceptive helps the instructional designers to create the eLearning course effectively. Learning styles are differing from person to person; hence, it is necessary for the instructional designer to understand the different learning styles before you get started on developing a eLearning course.

Do a thorough Audience Analysis

2. Analyze the given content

Typically the content for the eLearning course is varied on the training requirements and organizational goals. Content also differs from one course to other and it may be divided into facts, concepts, principles, process, and procedures. Understanding the content type helps the instructional designers to design an effective course and also helps to meet the course objectives.

Analyze the Given Content

3. Device effective LOs

We all know that adult learners always have their own set of experiences and knowledge. According to their requirements frame effective and measurable outcomes. This helps them to get a clear idea about the course and they will know what they are going to achieve at the end of the course.

Device Effective LOs

4. Place onscreen text appropriately

Too heavy screens and paragraphs develop a cognitive load on the learners. Hence, it is important for an Instructional designer to chunk content for better understanding. Don’t pack too much text into one frame; try to identify the category of the content and group them accordingly. Keep it simple and focused.

Place Onscreen Text Appropriately

5. Use visual elements that support the content

A text-heavy slide doesn’t support a quick learning; instead, it creates a cognitive load on the learner.

Instructional designers should ensure to use simple and relative graphics and visuals to make your course visually rich. Use appropriate images (vector images, real images or icons), characters, and infographics to support the given content.

Use Visual Elements that Supports the Content

6. Don’t keep your learner locked into the course

Using interactivities in the course is one of the best solutions to keep your learner engaged with the course. However, this does not imply just clicking and navigating through the slides. It’s all about presenting content in a different and simple way. It helps to engage the learner through simple activities like click-on images, click-on tabs, click-on hotspots, etc. It is used to explore information when it is involved with an activity.

Don’t keep your Learner Locked in to the Course

7. Use different media

Support your content with different media available in eLearning like audio, narration and videos and PDFs to make your course learner-centric. These help your course to serve different learning styles, such as auditory and visual learners.

Use Different Medias Available

8. Create a self-paced and engaged learning

According to the adults learning principles, adults always enter into a learning experience with a problem-centered orientation to learn and they always want to be self-directive. To support their learning process it’s necessary to create self-paced and engaged learning through games, character animations, illustrations, and include some icebreaker questions, case studies, etc., to enhance their learning process.

Create a Self-paced and Engaged Learning

9. Include self-evaluation test/assessments

Assessments help learners to measure their learning outcome. An effective eLearning course maintains learning objectives and content and assessments are aligned with each other. Thus an Instructional designer should consider learners’ past experiences and provide real-world insight by giving feedback and let them know about their learning outcomes.

Include Self-evaluation Test/Assessments

10. Include rewards

Rewards boost up the learning process; it may be through certification upon successful completion of the course or grades, which allows the learner to upgrade to the next level courses.

Include Rewards

A meaningful course creates a better learning experience and motivates the learner for future learning. I hope these tips help you to create an effective course for your learner.

Do you want to add anything more? Please do share your thoughts!!

View Presentation on Effective Qualities and Skills of an Instructional Designers

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