The learner population can be broadly divided into two types – One group, that of adult learners who are more experienced and self direction in their learning approach. The other group, that of children who are inexperienced and depend on others for direction.
Likewise learning strategies may differ for both types of learners. Adult learners have already overcome the phase that young learners go through. Thus, adult learners are exposed to more effective learning strategies than young learners.
Adult learners who have years of experience and the wealth of knowledge should try to leverage what they know. They can use the knowledge and learn more by trying out different things. Hands-on activities by performing experiments or applying skills on the jobs enriches their learning process. For better and more effective learning experiences, adult learners can try to make associations by solving problems or by teaching others what they have learned. It is easy for them to correlate between the two – learning and solutions. Adult learners who are self-directed in their approach can devote more time in procuring “new information” or reinforcing old information and discovering its value and utility. They can also increase their competence by varying their learning style. They can practice a blend of these multiple intelligence to procure information in one or more different ways.
Young learners are more subject oriented and don’t have the wealth of knowledge; therefore they need to take learning as an active approach rather than a passive one. Being active implies that they should be committed towards learning, have the curiosity to learn and so on. At the very beginning, they should schedule their learning program, organize it and have the correct attitude towards it. They should set realistic goals and have a time-bound approach that makes their learning more concrete and justified. For such novice learners who are not yet that mature, you can emphasize repetition i.e. on learning something new, try to re-read it again or take notes. Repeated practice allows them to get a grip on the matter. Breaking the whole learning into small chunks will help them to get the maximum benefit out of it. Another important tip for young learners is to avoid distractions at the time of study which affects their concentration and ultimately their learning.
So, you determine to which category you belong to and strategize your learning process. Hope these above steps will help you to learn more and make your learning experience more effective.