Motivation can be defined as a driving force that guides the steps of an individual in a particular direction. This is the reason for the accomplishment of the greatest inventions in the world. It is behind all our endeavors, major or minor. I would not have written this blog if I had not been motivated. Or, for that matter, you would not be reading this blog, if you were not motivated enough.
However, the source and the degree of motivation differ. Depending on these two aspects, the intensity of our effort to achieve our set objective varies. Motivation comes in many forms and directions. You push yourself to finish a task because at the end of it you will get a reward; or perhaps you get punished in case you fail to do so in a specific time period; or because you love doing it or the prestige that is attached to its accomplishment. All these are different types of motivation. The former two are termed as extrinsic motivation and the latter intrinsic motivation.
As for learners, I think both the types of motivation are necessary for keeping them on the path of continuous learning. This is because coercion and necessity can also work as great motivational forces for learners to learn a concept or skill, apart from their passion or interest. However, in a classroom, the greater responsibility rests with instructors to keep their students motivated in learning activities.
Trainers can Rouse Learners’ Interest
I have read stories of great trainers who exerted remarkable influence on their students. It is thanks to such trainers that some of the great inventors realized their potential in a subject which had until then been a mystery. When we study about such trainers, we realize that they have an inexplicable power to capture their learners’ imagination. They take their learners to a colorful world and keep them there until they get immersed and never like to return.
Of course, all the trainers may not have been born with such powers but today they have various means, offered by technological advancements in the field of education. They can blend some of these into their mode of instruction to sustain learners’ interest.
Trainers can Allay fears and Instill Confidence
A trainer’s role cannot be dispensed with by limiting it to removing apprehensions and instilling confidence in learners. In case of tricky subjects or concepts, trainers can divide the tasks into manageable units and facilitate early success. This instills a sense of achievement in learners and sustains their interest.
Internal or Self-Motivation
This is the most crucial to keep learners on track. With this, a learner can create his or her direction, regardless of motivation from the trainer. All one needs to do is to keep trapped or excited about the learning task. Sometimes, an individual may not like a concept but must learn it to improve his or her career prospects. In such a case, he should commit himself to his instructor or boss that he will learn it by a certain specific time. With such strategies, coupled with positive reinforcements, a person can reach his learning objectives and achieve career success.
It is sure that with internal motivation, a learner can push himself to action, regardless of the situation. However, there are times that he may feel less inspired to a learning activity. It is here that his external motivation comes into play. It obliges the learner to finish the task and he gets the desired results. Thus, both internal and external motivations are necessary for a learner.
Do share your thoughts on the same.
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