According to Robert Mager, learning objective is defined as a statement, in specific and measurable terms that describes what the learner will know, or will be able to do, as a result of engaging in a learning activity. If the objective is not effective or not well written the whole purpose of the eLearning course is lost.
Characteristics of Learning Objectives
- To set such a learning objective, you need to keep in mind 3 components. They are performance, condition and criterion.
- The first is performance – the description to know what you expect the learners to do.
- The second is condition under which the learners are expected to perform.
- The third is criterion is the quality or level of performance that will be considered acceptable.
How to Frame Learning Objectives Using these Components
When you frame effective learning objectives, you can ensure that your content stays on track and your training goals are met.
Here are 3 easy steps to set learning objectives.
Step 1: Create a stem
Creating a stem is the first step while setting learning objectives.
Below are a few examples:
- After completing the lesson, you will be able to…
- After this unit, you will be…
- By completing the activities, you will…
Step 2: Add a verb to the stem
Adding verb to the learning objective specifies clearly observable and measurable action.
Here are a few action verbs from the Bloom’s Taxonomy.
Step 3: Determine the outcome
The last step describes the criteria you will use to evaluate the learners’ performance.
Here is an example to show that.
‘After completing the course, you will be able to identify the three key markets of melting point systems.’
Let’s now look at an example of how a learning objective is set using these three components.
For any given content, be able to write learning objectives using the components of the learning objectives.
When you say ‘..be able to write learning objectives …‘ you describe what the learner is expected to do. This indicates the performance.
Next ‘For any given content‘ indicates the condition. This describes under what condition you want the learners will have to perform the action.
Finally the entire objective, ‘….using the components of the learning objectives.‘ explains the criterion of how well the learner performs.
To frame an ideal learning objective, it should have what you want the learner to do, under what condition the learner will do it, and for criteria of how well the learner performs to be considered qualified.