Assessments are added in the courses not only for evaluating the learners’ understanding of the concept but also to make eLearning engaging and effective. Research shows that learning is dramatically improved when learner is asked to respond to question or problem which requires him to recall, analyze, or synthesize new information presented. So, while including the assessments, there are certain guidelines to be followed for making the courses impactful. Here, I would like to share a few tips on designing assessments for eLearning courses:
- Assessments need to be provided as soon as possible after new content is presented. By doing so it requires learner to act or respond differently than he could before the instruction and forces demonstration of assimilation of new information.
- Factors influencing design of response opportunities include:
- Response frequency
- Response difficulty
- Relationship to objectives
- Response format
- Ask a question or require a learner response on key elements of knowledge or skill being learned. Key elements emerge from task analysis or content outline.
- Avoid including the trivial because it’s easier to construct.
- Evaluate your judgment call because if the assessments are:
- Too easy – learners become bored
- Too difficult – learners become frustrated
- 80% rule – Ensure to create assessment questions that 80% of the learners can answer correctly. Instruction must be pilot tested to determine if response opportunities are written to adequate levels of difficulty.
- Help student process and integrate information so he can assess his progress towards achieving the instructional objective of module. Answers question, “How am I doing?”
- Assessment question must bear direct relationship to overall instructional objective or key element of important sub-objective.
- It must cause student to think about information and construct a response which moves him closer to accomplishing instructional goal.
- Also, it must be commensurate with content just presented.
Hope this list helps you in creating effective assessments that helps to improve learning outcomes.