Designing an interactive and meaningful eLearning course is a tough task for every Instructional Designer. There are 13 core components that will help you design and develop a course that meets the objectives of a computer-based learning.
Each of these components will help to design an interactive and meaningful course that meets the training objectives. Any online course which is well designed instructionally will enhance learning, making it quick and easy.
13 Core Components of Instructional Design
- Analyze your Audience: Analyzing your target audience is the first step any instructional designer should do before designing the online course. You need to know whether your audience are familiar with the topic or if they need any essential topics before taking the eLearning course. Everything you design and develop should be done, keeping the target audience in mind.
- Check the Flow: During the design phase, organize and structure your course content. Group the content into logical modules. Dividing the content into smaller chunks will help the learner easily follow and learn the content.
- Incorporate Interactive Concepts: Your course should have good interactivities to retain learners’ attention. A good rule of thumb is to include a interactivity for every third page per module.
- Use Pictures or Graphics: Make it a practice to add relevant images wherever possible, these help in explaining the ideas, concepts, or statements. Each image added should have a specific purpose relevant to the content being taught.
- Use Intuitive Navigation: Make navigation simple and easy for the learner to follow.
- Use appropriate Layouts: The purpose of the course is to instruct, see to it theappearance of the layout is simple and does not confuse the learner.
- Maintain Balance between Text and Graphics: Use graphics to teach a concept as it is a great way to help the learner to learn easily. However, if the graphic dominates the text the learner loses interest in the course. Therefore, a careful balance between text and graphics should be maintained.
- Use White Space: Use of white space creates a positive learning environment and moreover the learner will not find the page too heavy to complete.
- Be Consistent: Use consistent fonts, pop-ups, and layouts throughout your course. This will improve the learning experience for your learners.
- Make User-friendly Page: Organize each page using bullets and numbers as they help better content assimilation . It also helps the learner quickly find key points in critical topics.
- Appropriate Chunking: Chunking information into small bits will help retain the information. Divide the topics into steps, phases, or concepts as this will help the learner remember and understand information
- Keep Activities Focused: No matter what you do to engage your learner, the interactivity used must compliment the objectives. Don’t add activities just for the sake of adding them. Ensure they serve a valid purpose in the learning process.
- Measure the Effectiveness: Asses your learners based on the topics they have learned in the course. Make sure the assessments meet your training objectives. This will help the instructional designer determine whether the learner has understood the content or not.
After completely designing the course, conduct a usability analysis to check whether the training objectives were met, images used were appropriate, all the interactivities used are appropriate and work fine functionally.
All these components discussed above help to build instructionally sound and successful online courses. Don’t you agree? If you want to know more about Instructional Designing and how it helps in designing ILT and eLearning, check out this videos on instructional design.
Reference: Instructional Design Expert.com