The ultimate goal of an instructional designer is to give a wonderful learning experience to the learner. However, at the end, it only matters what knowledge the learner has acquired from the course and how he is applying it in his daily tasks.
E.L. Thorndike, an educational psychologist, has come up with three laws of learning in the 20th century. These laws, when implemented, help learners to learn more effectively. In this blog, I will discuss a few laws that can be applied to eLearning for effective results.
Law 1: Willingness
A learner would only learn when he is willing to or ready to learn. So, as an instructional designer, it is very important to motivate the learner and create interest in him to take up the course.
To achieve this, we need to set clear “learning objectives” which give a clear picture of the course. You can also include “What’s in it for me?”, so that the learner can understand what he would gain if he takes up the course.
Law 2: Practice
It is a well-known fact that the more you practice the more you remember. A learner remembers more when he practices. We can include “assessments”, “quizzes”, and “puzzles” to help the learner recall and remember what he has learned. These exercises are a great way to reinforce the learner’s knowledge.
When creating such activities, we should make sure that they are aligned with the learning objectives. This also helps assess how far the learner has achieved the objectives.
Law 3: Feedback
A learner would be more interested if the learning is pleasant and has a positive impact on him. So, it is very essential to provide a positive and motivating feedback to the learner, whenever needed. Giving “rewards” or “certificates” at every level would be very helpful.
While providing feedback for assessments or activities, it is very important to clearly explain why the option is correct when the right option is selected and why it is wrong when the wrong option is selected. This helps in reinforcing the learner’s knowledge and motivating him.
Law 4: Visualization
Learners tend to remember more when they see than when they hear. Presenting concepts with explanatory images is a great way to make the learner remember the concept.
A visually appealing course gives a great learning experience to the learner and helps him retain information for a long period of time.
Law 5: Emotion
Connecting with a learner at an emotional level would give him a great learning experience. This also helps him remember concepts for a long time. In order to connect with the learner emotionally, we can create “scenarios” that relate to their real life situations.
We can also give a situation and ask the learner what he would do if he were in that situation. This kind of activities improves the decision making skills and thinking skills of a learner.
By following these laws of learning, you can ensure a good learning experience to your learners. Hope you find this blog informative. Do share your views on this post.