Instructional Design is a systematic, systemic process whose phases are well-known and repeatable for every eLearning design and development project. The output of a previous phase becomes the input of the next phase. As per the ADDIE model, the five phases include Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation and Evaluation. Of these, Analysis is the first phase and is used to identify the key points that help in an effective training session.
Some of the purposes of the Analysis phase:
- To define the desired training outcomes with a training sponsor
- To describe the exact knowledge and skills to effect those outcomes
- To identify gaps between current and desired abilities
- To identify training strategies and deliverables to close the knowledge and skills gaps and achieve the desired training outcomes
- To identify performance issues
Tasks of the Analysis Phase are:
- Identify the performance goal
- Identify the training context
- Conduct a Needs Assessment
- Conduct an Audience Analysis and assess
- Available materials
- Subject matter expertise (and availability)
- Technology requirements
Thus, the importance of the Analysis phase mostly depends on deciding training goals, identifying materials which need to be taught and the learner’s current capability.