From my experience, I have found that proper management styles contribute to the organization’s continued growth. They help solve organizational problems, enhance employee satisfaction and loyalty and increase productivity. Eventually, an organization benefits from its satisfied customers and higher returns on investment.
On the other hand, if an organization adopts an incorrect management structure, it may lead to tensions between employees and their managers, resulting in lower employee morale and depleting productivity. This will cost an organization direction in reaching its goals.
Therefore, an organization must exercise caution while adopting a management style or a blend of them. It is clear that no single management style can suit all situations. So, by making a calculated shift in a company’s management style, an employee can become an effective manager and help the company achieve its intended dividends.
Having said that, let us discuss a few management styles.
Autocratic: Here, managers decide and enforce their decision on their employees. They neither have a two-way communication with employees, nor do they invest any trust in their employees. This can be demotivating to employees. However, it suits situations where organizations have to take quick decisions and control a large number of employees without requisite expertise.
Paternalistic: Paternalistic managers pay attention to the employees’ social and recreational needs while making decisions. They give directions to employees, making the information flow from top to bottom. Here, they take employee feedback.
This management style is very effective in keeping up employee morale. It can be deployed to regain employee loyalty when it is endangered because of autocratic enforcements. However, it does not empower employees to work independently, but makes them dependent on the manager.
Democratic: In this management style, everyone is involved in the decision making process. Communication flows in a two-way direction, thereby improving job satisfaction and productivity. Employees feel they are part of the process and are motivated to live up to the company’s expectations. However, this process slows down decision-making since a consensus is usually taken from all employees. At times, therefore, managers may not be able to implement the best decisions. Therefore, as managers, one needs to have a judicious mixture of these strategies for better results.
Employees start observing a manager’s management style the moment they step in to the office. They learn the organizational culture and observe the relations between employees and managers and among employees. They also take note of company policies.
All these impact their understanding of the company and its management style. This understanding can either motivate them to play a proactive role in the organization’s advancement or make them develop a reactive attitude where they do only as they are directed to.
Do share your thoughts on the same.