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Synchronous and Asynchronous Types of E-learning

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Synchronous and Asynchronous Types of E-learning

E-Learning enables the learners to learn anytime and anywhere. It enables the development of perfect learning content through the application of sound instructional design principles to perfectly analyze the basic requirements of learning as well as learning objectives.

Fundamentally, there are two categories of eLearning:

  1. Synchronous
  2. Asynchronous

 Let us analyze them in detail

1. Synchronous – set time (phone/Internet classroom sessions)

Synchronous eLearning is real-time learning. In synchronous learning, the learners and the teacher are online and interact at the same time from different locations. They deliver and receive the learning resources via mobile, video conference, Internet or chat. In this type of learning the participants can share their ideas during the session and interact with each other and they get detailed queries and solutions. Synchronous eLearning is gaining popularity because of improved technology and Internet bandwidth capabilities.

Learning from the sources of:

  • Virtual Classroom
  • Audio and Video Conferencing
  • Chat
  • Webinars
  • Application Sharing
  • Messaging instantly

2. Asynchronous – student directed, self-paced learning

Asynchronous eLearning is pause-and-resume kind of learning. In this type of eLearning the learner and the teacher cannot be online at same time. Asynchronous eLearning may use technologies such as email, blogs, discussion forums, eBook’s CDs, DVDs, etc. Learners may learn at any time, download documents, and chat with teachers & also with co-learners. In fact, many learners prefer asynchronous instead of synchronous learning because learners can take online courses to learn at their preferable time by not effecting their daily commitments.

Learning from the sources of:

  • Self-paced online courses
  • Discussion forums & groups
  • Messages boards

This is all about Asynchronous and Synchronous types of eLearning. Which type of learning do you prefer, please do share!

View E-book on Practical Guide on Custom E-learning: A Handbook for Managers

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