A common method to reinforce and check learning in classroom-based, or web-based training, is to include questions.
There are many types of objective questions such as true or false, multiple choice questions, match the following, drag and drop etc.
Learning occurs at many levels, from simple recall to problem solving. One of the best type of questions that can be used to check the learning is multiple choice questions (MCQs). MCQs are used for measuring three levels of Blooms Taxonomy – knowledge, comprehension, and application outcomes of various types of content, such as terminology, facts, principles, methods and procedures. MCQs are easy to grade and the learners are less likely to guess the correct answer, when compared to true or false.
MCQs include question stem, options and feedback.
- Question stem: The stem is the first part of the question that presents a problem to be solved.
- Options: The options include the correct answer and distracters. The incorrect answers are called distracters.
- Feedback: Feedback is the information you provide to the learners after they have selected the option. Providing feedback reinforces learning.
Let’s look at some of the guidelines to develop effective multiple choice questions in custom eLearning courses.
- Test questions must directly correlate to the course learning objectives, to ensure validity and alignment.
- Keep the question stem and options as short as possible.
World war II was (less effective)
In which of these time period was World War II fought? (more effective)
Ref:Instructional Assessment Resources (IAR)
- Avoid using negatives in the stem. If necessary, highlight by either capitalizing or bold facing them.
|Which one of the following factors is NOT associated with Type 2 diabetes?
Ref:academia.edu – constructing MCQs
- Use a question format instead of incomplete statements.
- When using incomplete statements avoid beginning with a blank space.
__________ is a synonym for courtesy. (less effective)
The synonym for courtesy is __________. (more effective)
Ref: Multiple Choice Alabama
- Options should be approximately the same length, because the longest ones is usually considered the correct answer
- Don’t use opposites as one of the distracters, because it often narrows the answer down to one of those answers
- Avoid “All of the above” option, because learners merely need to recognize two correct options to get the answer correct
- Avoid “None of the above” option, because you will never know if learners know the correct answer
- Avoid repeating words from the question stem in the alternatives, because it becomes a give way
- Have four options including one correct answer
- Feedback should be given so that learners learn from it
- State why the answer is correct or incorrect
- Just saying ‘you are correct’ or ‘sorry, you are wrong’ with no explanantion does not serve the purpose
- Feedback reinforces learning and instills confidence in the learner
Though many of them think it’s easy to frame MCQs, they actually do not know the psychological reason behind developing the MCQs. Lot of work has been done by E. L. Thorndike and Frederick J. Kelly, and I would strongly recommend you to read their books.
Subscribe to Our eLearning Design Blogs
Get CommLab's latest eLearning articles straight to your inbox. Enter your email address below:
In my last blog, we have seen how E-learning, webinars and Mobile apps can be used to impart product training. In this blog, we will look at some more methods.
E-learning is the continuous process of learning through electronic media. Instructional design is a systematic process of learning, and this learning facilitates achievement of the intended goals. Many think that instructional design is all about using technology, but this is not the case.
“A major challenge we face today, therefore, is to create a desire in people to learn; and to foster and facilitate this desire throughout their lives.”
- Bryn Holmes(Author, eLearning Concepts and Practice, 2006)
One of the most important factors for organizations to succeed in today’s competitive landscape is the speedy launch of new products. The time-to-market of new products is critical to survive and succeed. Furthermore, the life cycles of most products are getting shorter due to rapid advances in technology.
On the other hand, if your sales employees are not rightly trained on your products, they will not deliver the right message to your potential prospects making it a competitor’s gain.
We all have a child in ourselves, energetic, fun loving and having zeal to explore and win games. In this state, we learn the best because our emotional state is very positive and retention of learning will be at the peak.
How do we bring out the kid in ourselves, while learning a new skill or acquiring knowledge?
Introducing new processes and software applications can be quite a daunting task. Employees are not receptive to change and teaching all the details and minute steps can be time consuming. Conducting classroom sessions might not be a very beneficial solution. Learners will need to set aside time from their busy schedules, and often, this might not be feasible. The limited number of facilitators will also slow down the learning process. Facilitators will also need to travel extensively to teach learners spread all across the globe. All these arrangements take up considerable efforts, time and financial resources.
I would like to pick your brains with a quick question on compliance assessment.
In your experience with assessing compliance topics, is it OK to let learners keep repeating a quiz until they achieve 100%?
The mining industry plays a key role in the Australian economy. According to a report published by the Department of Education and Early Childhood Development, Government of Victoria, in 2013, mineral and energy commodities account for 60% of the nation’s total exports.
In this blog, I wish to share my experience on how I developed an interesting course though it had technical content.
This course on finance was a challenge for a non-financial person like me. Initially, it panicked me as I have no idea about finance. But, as an instructional designer, my approach towards this project was more on “educating not teaching”. For this, I did a lot of content comprehension to educate myself before I educate others. We will now see how I faced this challenge and accomplished my goal.
We still remember things that we have learned during our childhood. We remember many incidents that happened long ago. But, there are some instances where we don’t remember things. This,most probably, happens during education. Being a human being, it’s quite natural to forget things.