In today’s organization, a great deal of time is spent in conducting meetings for various purposes. Some are meant for communicative purposes while others involve some type of joint decision making. The decisions that are made on a routine basis may be simple or complex. But it involves assimilating a huge amount of information, scrutinizing them well and exploring the various ideas that generate from it. Decisions taken can have an effect on the overall performance of the team.
What are the various methods by which decisions are made in an organization? The approaches vary depending on various factors like type of decision, time and resources available, nature of the task and so on. Johnson. D.W and Johnson F.P (2000) in their book “Joining together: Group theory and group skills” describe the following methods of decision making.
1. Decision made by authority without group discussion
This type of decisions is generally taken by the designated leader without involving the team members. It involves simple or routine task, having little or no time available at disposal. In this type of decision making, the team commitment required is low. It ranks high on assertive scale but low on co-operative scale as no group interaction is allowed.
2. Decision made by authority after group discussion
The team comes up with various ideas, has discussions but the final decision is taken by the leader itself. This type of decision comes handy when the available time allows for team discussion not agreement, little team commitment is required. Listening to the team helps the authority to take better decision.
3. Decision made by expert
It is useful when one person of the team has an overwhelming expertise on a specific subject matter. The expert is selected from amongst the group members and he is given the responsibility to consider the issues. The results of these decisions are highly dependent on the expert’s knowledge on the matter. There are little chances of group discussion and team commitment is also low in this case.
4. Decision made by averaging the individuals’ opinion
In this method of decision making, individuals are called separately and ask his/ her opinion on the matter. After allowing the team members to voice their opinions, a consolidated decision based on the opinions of the members is prepared. Though this seems logical as there will not be any team commitment with respect to the decision made as the decision has not be voiced out as a group. It may not be as effective as it was intended to be.
5. Decision by minority
Minority includes less than 50% of team member who makes the decision. This method is generally used for taking large number of decisions in a limited time period. But it has some drawbacks as this process may lead to railroading or may create an air of competitive atmosphere with the team members.
6. Decision by majority vote
The most commonly used decision making process and it involves more than 51% of the team members. It is generally important for making decision when there is insufficient time to make decision by consensus. The group supports the voting process and its outcome and would be considerably committed to implement the outcome.
7. Decision by consensus
The most effective method of all the decision making process. In this method all the team members get the chance to express their thoughts and feelings. A collective decision is made through a communication process with all the group members speaking and expressing their ideas. The team commitment required to implement the decision is sufficiently high.
While there are several methods that one can adopt to take decisions, the most common method is the consensus method wherein all the members involved jointly come to a common understanding and take a collective decision. However, depending on the situations other methods can be considered.
Subscribe to Our eLearning Design Blogs
Get CommLab's latest eLearning articles straight to your inbox. Enter your email address below:
In my previous blogs, I have discussed about the importance of instructional design strategy and visual design strategy, the two main elements of e-learning in terms of design approach. In this blog, I will discuss about the significance of audio and audio strategy.
Every organization has to follow a set of laws which govern their sector in the country they operate. So, it needs to ensure that the employees are effectively trained on these rules to avoid compliance issues. Traditionally, this was done through face-to-face training in an engaging manner. But, with organizations expanding globally and the need for constant training, companies started using e-learning to quickly reach their global employees.
E-Learning is gradually replacing the classroom training format, worldwide. 41.7 % of fortune 500 companies are using e-learning tools for online training (E-learning Magazine 2013).
Online courses need to be engaging and interactive because they are self-paced i.e. an instructor is not present to deliver the courses.
Content comprehension is an important step in the e-learning development process. It broadly includes identification of relevant content and its separation from irrelevant content and arranging it in a proper manner. It enables instructional designers (IDs) to ensure that topics ‘flow’ in a logical sequence. It also helps IDs to find gaps in the content. If performed effectively, it will help you understand the subject-matter of the course better, and you will be able to present the content in an easily understandable manner.
IPad – a device that has revolutionized the corporate world. According to the Mac Observer, 94% of Fortune 500 companies are either testing or using this device from Apple. The widespread usage of iPads has resulted in the opening of new vistas in online training. No longer were learners required to carry “heavy” laptops or remain confined to their desks. People could conveniently go through online courses on these devices. Indeed, these devices have truly made learning anytime, anywhere.
When it comes to training, most organizations have a need for product training. Be it manufacturing, pharmaceutical, electronics or finance, product training needs to be imparted by companies in all industries. So, how does one cater to a single form of training for such different segments? In this post, we will look at a few effective e-learning design strategies that are best suited for product training across various industries.
Curriculum-based courses are very much in demand today. Organizations prefer curriculum-based courses to stand-alone courses. Curriculum courses cater to a long running training program that usually runs for a period of two to three months. It is a course that has several modules which instruct on a particular subject in-depth. From the learner’s perspective, these modules would be easy to grasp and understand. They can be bite-sized modules that are easily accessible by the learners, anywhere, anytime, as per their convenience. Since all the modules of a curriculum are inter-related to each other, it is a tough task to develop such modules effectively.
Ask Compliance managers what they expect from a good online compliance course, and all of them will say, “It should make our employees adhere to rules and policies.”
Most of the companies provide compliance training through e-learning, and often, these courses have high dropout rates. Poor instructional strategies are one of the main reasons for this problem.
Before we begin, let us look at the big question — What does “Just-in-Time (JIT) Learning” mean?
Just-in-time (JIT) learning systems deliver training to employees when and where they need it.
Mobile devices are excellent tools to provide just-in-time information or learning. Learners can access relevant information whenever they need it and can use this information as a reference when in doubt and for making the right decisions.
Being an instructional designer, I can understand how it feels when your project does not meet the client expectations at the final stage. This leads to complete rework of your project, which in turn causes substantial wastage of your time and effort. All this rework and failure to meet stipulated project schedules are the results of the lack of proper communication with your client.