Benjamin Bloom developed a taxonomy of educational learning objectives. He identified three domains of learning: Cognitive Domain, Affective Domain, and Psychomotor Domain. Let’s understand the six levels of Blooms Taxonomy and see what type of learning each level can address:
- Represents the lowest level of knowledge
- Imparts knowledge that needs to be recalled or recognized
- Learners are assessed on their ability to recall or recognize facts
- Imparts knowledge that needs to be assimilated in order to interpret / make a decision
- Assumes recall of facts (Level 1) has been mastered
- Learners are assessed on comprehension and the resulting ability to make a decision in a given situation
- Used to teach skills for application in various circumstances
- Assumes recall of facts (Level 1) and assimilation have been mastered (Level 2)
- Learners are assessed on their ability to apply a skill in a new situation
- Used to teach analysis of a situation to arrive at a decision/compare/differentiate
- Assumes recall of facts, assimilation, and application (Level 3) have been mastered
- Learners are assessed on their ability to analyze, compare, differentiate, or justify
- Used to teach how to create new entities from known information/objects/facts
- Assumes mastery of all previous cognitive levels
- Learners are assessed on their ability to combine, summarize, organize
- Used to teach knowledge that will enable learners to make judgments
- Considers all previous levels of knowledge
- Learners are assessed on their ability to evaluate new entities
By creating learning objectives and assessments at the appropriate Bloom’s level we can make our courses truly effective.
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